Precision-Engineered Cell Therapy Orca-T Demonstrates High Relapse-Free Survival at 1 Year While Reducing Graft-Versus-Host Disease and Toxicity
Orca-T was successfully manufactured in a single, centralized GMP manufacturing facility, distributed throughout the U.S., and infused for all patients enrolled.
The relapse-free survival was 81% at both 1 year and 18 months in Orca-T recipients. MRD status was determined for 77 patients with acute leukemia by multicolor flow cytometry; of these patients, 31% were MRD+ when they received Orca-T. Amongst MRD- patients (n=53), RFS with Orca-T was 90% at both 1 year as compared to 66% in the CIBMTR cohort (n=324 MRD- patients). Amongst MRD+ patients (n=24), RFS was 68% at one year with Orca-T as compared to 48% in the comparator cohort (n=104).
Relapse prevention with Orca-T appeared to be enhanced further with a conditioning regimen consisting of busulfan, fludarabine, and thiotepa ("BFT", n=56 patients, median f/u 342 days); RFS was 90% at 12 months in this group. This included patients with MDS (n=6, 100% RFS at 1 yr), MRD+ acute leukemia (n=14, RFS 73% at 1 yr), MRD- acute leukemia (n=26, RFS 96% at 1 year), and acute leukemia with unknown MRD status (n=11, 91% RFS at 1 yr).
As with relapse, severe infections were low following Orca-T with 11% of patients developing Grade 3 infections per the BMT-CTN grading scale.
Median times to neutrophil and platelet engraftment were rapid with Orca-T at 13 and 16 days, respectively; graft failure was rare at 1.6%. Grade ≥ 3 aGVHD and mod/severe cGVHD rates were low with Orca-T at 5% and 6%, respectively, through 1 year post-transplant. Non-relapse mortality was low at 5% at 1 year; NRM with BFT was 0%. Overall, Orca-T shows GRFS of 76% and 69% at 1 year and 18 months post-transplant, respectively; OS was 91% and 86% at these time points post-transplant. No formal statistical comparison to the CIBMTR cohort was performed.