CPX-351 Plus Gemtuzumab Ozogamicin

A Pilot Study of Liposomal Cytarabine and Daunorubicin (CPX-351) in Combination With Gemtuzumab Ozogamicin (GO) in Relapsed Refractory Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) and Post-Hypomethylating Agent (Post-HMA) Failure High-Risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome (HR-MDS)

What's the purpose of the trial?

This phase II trial studies the side effects and how well liposome-encapsulated daunorubicin-cytarabine and gemtuzumab ozogamicin work in treating patients with acute myeloid leukemia that has come back (relapsed) or that does not respond to treatment (refractory) or high risk myelodysplastic syndrome. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as liposome-encapsulated daunorubicin-cytarabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Gemtuzumab ozogamicin is a monoclonal antibody, called gemtuzumab, linked to a toxic agent called calicheamicin. Gemtuzumab ozogamicin attached to CD33 positive cancer cells in a targeted way and delivers calicheamicin to kill them. Giving liposome-encapsulated daunorubicin-cytarabine and gemtuzumab ozogamicin together may be an effective treatment for relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia or high risk myelodysplastic syndrome.
Trial status

Accepting patients

Phase
Phase 2
Enrollment
50
Last Updated
5 months ago
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Participating Centers

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Experimental Treatments

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  • CPX-351 is a drug that combines cytarabine and daunorubicin, and is approved for the treatment of acute myeloma leukemia. It is currently being studied for use in several other cancers.
  • Gemtuzumab Ozogamicin is an antibody drug conjugate that is approved for use in acute myeloid leukemia, and being studied for use in other indications.

Arms / Cohorts

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Accepting patients

CPX-351 + Gemtuzumab ozogamicin

Published Results

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Liposomal Cytarabine and Daunorubicin (CPX-351) in Combination with Gemtuzumab Ozogamicin (GO) in Relapsed Refractory (R/R) Patients with Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) and Post-Hypomethylating Agent (Post-HMA) Failure High-Risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome (HR-MDS)

Twenty pts have been enrolled between November 2018 and July 2019. At the time of data cut off 19 pts were evaluable for response, with one patient too early to assess for response. Patient characteristics are summarized on Table 1; of note 14 (70%) pts had previously been treated with venetoclax in different combinations with HMA’s and/or chemotherapy. We observed an overall response rate (ORR) of 42% (n=8), including CR (n=5), CRi (n=1) and PR (n=2). Responses are summarized in Table 2. Among the eight responders there were 4 pts with MRD negative (by flow cytometry) remission. One patient who was considered in CR was taken off study on day 40 because of an underlying invasive fungal sinus infection and concerns of myelosuppression. This patient was transitioned to a lower intensity regimen and remains in remission. Four pts completed 2 inductions, 5 pts received consolidation and 2 pts received GO maintenance before progressing. Unfortunately, none could be transitioned to transplantation due to age or comorbidities. Among responders, median time to ANC >500 was 39 days (30-56) and PLT >50k was 40 days (33-46), median time to ANC >1K was 40 days (31-74) and PLT >100K was 43 days (34-53) after induction (Table 3). With a median follow up of 18.6 months, median OS is 9.1 months (Figure 1) and median duration of response was 10.5 months (figure 2). Adverse events regardless of causality (Table 4) were mainly due to infectious complications. We have not observed treatment related grade 3-4 non-hematological toxicity. Thirty-day mortality was 10% (n=2); both pts died from complications of septicemia. Three additional pts (15%) died within 60 days of treatment, including 2 pts with progressive disease and 1 patient on day 58 after withdrawing care due to infections and 2 aplastic bone marrow examinations on days 14 and 46 of treatment, respectively.

3 years ago Read more

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